The fire in 1745 that destroyed Bologna’s all wooden Teatro Malvezzi is the beginning of the story of Bologna’s opera house. Following the fire, the city commissioned Antonio Galli Bibiena, a member of the famous family of theatre architects and stage designers, to build a new all stone opera theatre in the then current baroque style. On
Since then the Comunale stage has become famous for the high quality of its performances and the fame of the artists coming from all over the world. Bologna’s musical culture is well known: composers, including Mozart, studied at Bologna’s Music Academy; Rossini lived in town for years and saw his operas staged on the Comunale; and Verdi worked in nearby Busseto and Sant’Agata. In 1867 the first Italian performance of Don Carlo took place here only a few months after the Paris premiere.
But the city and the theatre were also receptive to works and artists from outside Italy. By being the first Italian theatre to stage Wagner’s Lohengrin, Tannhauser, Der fliegende Holländer, Tristan und Isolde, and Parsifal, the Teatro Comunale earned for Bologna the reputation of the “Wagnerian” city. During the first Italian performance of Lohengrin, Verdi sat in a Teatro box reading his rival’s opera score.
Conductors who have appeared at the theatre include Mariani, Toscanini, Furtwängler, von Karajan, Gavazzeni, Celibidache, Solti, Delman and more recently Muti, Abbado, Chailly, Thielemann, Sinopoli, Gatti and Jurowski.
The great “historic” voices of the nineteenth century all sang at Comunale. In the twentieth century, singers such as Stignani, Schipa, Gigli, Di Stefano, Christoff, Tebaldi, Del Monaco and, more recently, Pavarotti, Freni, Bruson, Horne, Ludwig, Anderson have appeared in our performances.
Today the Teatro Comunale continues its tradition of excellence. Recent productions have been staged by Pier Luigi Pizzi, Luca Ronconi, Bob Wilson, Pier’Alli and Werner Herzog. The Teatro, home to a 100 person orchestra and 70 person chorus, performs some 80 opera performances and 70 concerts each year. In addition to serving Bologna and the Emilia-Romagna region, the Teatro has traveled abroad, including in 1993, 1998 and 2002 to Japan.